RELIGIOUS TOURISM RAJASTHAN

India has long been known as a very spiritual, religion-heavy area of the world. In India, religion is a way of life. It is an integral part of the entire Indian Tradition. For the majority of Indians, religion permeates every aspect of the life, from common-place, daily chores to education and politics.

Secular India is home to Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and innumerable other religious traditions. Hinduism is the dominant faith. Common practices have crept into most religious faiths in India and many of the festivals that mark each year with music, dance and feasting are shared by all communities. However,each has its own pilgrimage sites, heroes, legends and even culinary specialties, mingling in a unique diversity that is the very pulse of Indian society.

 HINDUSIM
 
Hinduism can be described as a ‘museum of religion’. No other religious tradition is so eclectic, so diversified in its theoretical premises as well as its practical expression. It Is the only major religion which has not been traced to a specific founder and the only one which dose not have a holy book as the one and only scriptural authority. Sacred texts of Hindu religion consists of Vedas, Upanishads, bhaguad gita,etc. Hinduism absorbs anything that is good and valuable and at the same time, shares its wisdom with whoever earnestly seeks it. Its doors are open to all.
 Hindusim Temples


 

 

 

 

 

 


Brahma Temple Pushkar: The beautiful and one of the most important temples in Pushkar, this is the only temple dedicated to the lord Bramha in India. Brahma the Hindu Lord of creation is depicted with four heads facing in all four directions, symbolizing his presence everywhere. A four-armed life sized statue of Brahma is enshrined inside the temple. Another interesting attraction is the floor of the temple which is studded with coins placed by devotees from all over India to commemorate the birth and death of there loved ones.

 

Karnimata Temple Deshnoke, Bikaner:The Karnimata Temple in Deshnoke, 30 miles south of Bikaner, is one of the strangest holy spot in India. It was built by Maharaja Ganga Singh in the early 20th century in the late Mughal style. The entrance is lavishly decorated with beautifully sculptured marble paneling full of intricate patterns, and delicately worked doorways, colonnades, pavilions and balconies. The karni mata temple is famous for the countless rats that reside in it. Even while devotees throng the temple to offer their prayers. The rats, which are considered sacred, are harmless and have been a part of the for decades. Devotees offer milk and sweets to them, along with their offering to the deirty.

 

Shrinath ji temple Nathdwara, Udaipur:The shrinathji temple, Nathdwara is dedicated to lord Krishna; it is located in Nathdwara, approximately 48 km north of Udaipur. The Nathdwara Shrinathji temple of Rajasthan houses statue of lord Krishna sculpted from a single piece of black marble.

Legend hasit that during the reign of the Nughal Emperor Aurangzeb, The statue of Lord Krishna was moved from Vrindavan to enshrine it at a safe place. However, ahen the vehicle carrying the statue passed through the particular spot where the temple now is, its wheels got stuck in the mud. The priest accompanying the statue interpreted it to be an indication from the lord himself. The statue was then placed was the lord Krishna temple built here in nathdwara along with proper Vedic rites and traditions.

 

Birla temple Jaipur:Birla temple forms one of the major attractions of jaipur. Built in pure white marble, it looks stunning when it’s brightly lit up in the night. The enormous temple easy during the year 1988 by birla group of industries. The temple is dedicated to lord Vishnu (narayan), the presever, and his consort lakshmi, the goddess of wealth. Due to this reason, birla temple also known as laxmi narayan temple.

 

Galta ji Temple, Jaipur: Galta ji one of the pilgrimage destinations of India, located 10 kms away from central jaipur. Built with pink sandstone in the 18th century, the vast complex of galta ji has several in it while the temple complex is dedicated to the sun god; one of the prominent temples in the complex is dedicated to lord hanuman. The temple of galta ji famous for its natural water springs. Set amidst the beautiful landscape, galta ji temple offers a picturesque view of the city.  
 
Govind Deo Ji Temple, Jaipur:
Govind doe ji temple is amongst the major tourist attractions of jaipur. The temple represents the royal past of the city. It is dedicated to govind deo ji (Lord Krishna) and is situated in the city palace complex, between the Chandra mahal and the badal mahal.

 

Lord Ganesh temple Jaipur: Moti doongri is a small hill in central jaipur which is occupied by a palace and a temple dedicated to lord ganesh. This ancient temple is visited by hundred of hundred of devotees every Wednesday, and is a major tourist attraction because of the scenic view it offers.


 

 JAINISM
 
The oldest continuous monastic tradition in India is Jainism. This faith popularized by vardhmana mahavira (599-527 B.C), the twenty-fourth and last of the Tirthnkaras of Jainism. According to legend, mahavira was born to a ruling family in the town of vaishali, located in the modern state of Bihar. At the age of thirty, he renounced his wealthly life and devoted himself to fasting and self-mortification in order to purify his consciousness and discover the meaning of existence. He never again dwelt in a house, owned property, or wore clothing of any sort. He attained enlightenment and spent the rest of his life meditating and teaching a dedicated group of disciples who formed a monastic order following rules laid down by him.


 

Delwara Jain Temple M. Abu- The Jain temple at delwara, near mount Abu is considered to be masterpieces of temple architecture. The main temple in delwara is the vimal vasahi temple, the Luna vasahi temple, the adinath temple and the parshvanath temple. The vimal vasahi temple was built by commander vimla shah on the order of king bhimdev in 1031 AD. It took around 1,500 workers, several years to build. The magnificent temple has forty eight pillars. The rang mandap is a beautiful piece of architecture. The images that can be seen are saraswati, lakshmi as well as scenes from the pricely courts of ayodhya and Takshashila. The Luna vasahi temple houses the images of the jain tirthankara neminath. Sculptures in stone elaborate carvings; beautiful pillars and dome shaped roofs give a majestic and surreal look to the temple.

Jain Temple Ranakpur: Ranakpur is one of the five most important pilgrimage sites of jainsm. It is home to an exceptionally beautiful temple complex in the aravali ranges and a must visit for tourists visiting this region. The ranakpur Jain temple was built during the reign of the liberal and gifted rajput monarch rana kumbha in the 15th century. The enormous temple has four subsidiary shrines, twenty-four pillared halls and domes supported over four hundred columns. The columns are intricately carved with no two alike. The artistically carved females depicted as playing the flute in various dance postures at a height of 45 feet are an interesting singht. The main temple is a Chanukah or a four-faced temple dedicated to lord Adinath.The three other jain temple in the same complex, including a temple of the sun god, are all well worth a visit.

 ISLAM
 
Islam, the second most widely practiced religion in India after Hinduism, originated with the teachings of Muhammad, around the 7th century. The word Islam means “submission” or the total surrender of oneself to god. Those who practice the religion, Muslims, belive that there is just one god, and he is beyond all comprehension; Muslims are not expected to visualize god but to worship and adore him as a protector. Muslims consider the Qur’an to be the literal word of god; believe that the verses of the Qur’an were revealed to muhannad by god through the angel Gabriel. Islam was brought to India first by early Arab traders and later during the Muslim invasions in south Asia. Since its introduction into India, Islam has made significant religious, philosophical, cultural, social and political influences to Indian history.
 

Dargah Sharif Ajmer- The final resting place for ‘garib-nawaz’ moinuddin chishti is located in ajmer.people of all castes and faiths visit the dargah of khwaja moinuddin chishti.the khwaja left for his heavenly abode in 1256 AD after a six-day prayer in seclusion. These six days are celebrated every year as the annual Urs,which is attended by innumerable pilgrims irrespective of their .The shrine is considered to be a place where wishes are fulfilled for those who pray with devout and pure hearts. It is said that emperor akbar sought blessings for his son at this dargah.
 

 SIKHISM
 
Sikhism, which was founded by Guru Nanak in the 15th century, is the fifth largest religion in the world. The faith is based on the equality of all men and ineness of god, who is referred to as vaheguru and represented by the sacred symbolic onkar. Sikhs, or the followers of Sikhism, follow the teachings of Guru Nanak and the nine subsequent gurus. Their holy scripture called the guru grnth sathib includes the work of many philosophers from diverse socio-economic and religious backgrounds. While Sikhism is largely associated with the atate of Punjab where the largest number of Sikhs reside, followers of this faith are found in almost all parts of parts of India and the world. A number of beautiful gurudwaras, the Sikh place of worship, can be found in various parts of Rajasthan.
 
   

Gurudwara Singh Saheb Pushkar: Gurudwara singh sabha is dedicated to the first guru of Sikhs, Guru Nanak. It is also locally known as Guru Nanak dharamshala. Pushkar, the temple city, was visited by Guru Nanak dev and guru gobind singh during their travels in rajputana in 1706. His spot consecrated by the guru gobind Singh’s stay was called gobind ghat

 

 

 CHRISTIANITY
 
Christianity is the third largest religion in India and the largest in the world. The religion centres on the teachings of Jesus Christ, who is said to be the son of god. The Christians of rajasthan are mostly found in the urban region and belong to the Roman Catholic, Methodist, anglicen and other protestant churches. Christianity is supposed to have arrived in India in 52 AD when Saint Thomas reached kerala and established the seven churches. In the early moden periods, French and Portuguese missionaries helped spread the religion in various parts of southern and western India.

 

 

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