Jaipur - Pink City :

Jaipur, popularly known as the Pink City, is the capital of the state of Rajasthan. It has, long been established, on tourist itineraries as the third corner of India's Golden Triangle, just 300 kilometres southwest of Delhi, and 200 kilometres west of Agra. The old city of Jaipur is partially encircled with seven gates - the major gates are Chandpol, Sanganeri, and Ajmeri.

The foundation stone was laid by him in 1727 and an eminent architect Vidhyadhar Bhhattacharya was asked to design the pinkcity. It was a two-in-one compliment as "Jai" means victory and was also the ruler's first name. That it was later chosen as a capital of Rajasthan found from the amalgamation of various kingdoms was a tribute to both Jai Singh and Bhattacharya. The city was planned in a grid system of Seven Blocks of buildings with wide straight avenues lined with trees with the palace set on the north side. Surrounding it are high walls pieced with 10 gates. The sites of the shops were chosen after careful planning and they are arranged in 9 rectangular city sectors. Jaipur was the first sizable city in north India to be built from scratch though the famous pink colour symbolizing "Welcome" came later when the Ram Singh II received the Prince of Whales in 1876.

Places of Attraction :

 

The City Palace:
One of the most magnificent marvels of Jaipur is the City palace complex which has a rare combination of the finest blends of Rajasthani and Mughal architecture. In the heart of the old city it has a vast area. The outer wall was built by Jai Singh and additions made up to the 20th century. Many buildings, well planned gardens and huge courtyards are a part of the complex. The museum has an array of royal costumes, shawls, embroideries, Benares, silk sarees, the maharaja’s pyjamas, chogas and pyjamas of other rulers, jamawars, kamar-bands, musical instruments like the giant sized tanpura and sarangi’s and a set of the clothes of Sawai Madho Singh I who was just over 7 feet tall, over 4 feet wide and supported a goliathic weight of 250kg.

Govind DevJi Temple:
The city palace complex also houses the Govind DevJi Temple and is a temple of Lord Krishna and a large number of people visit it. The temple was built in such a fashion that the king could see the deity from the Chandra Mahal opposite it. The temple is surrounded by gardens and palaces. The image of Govind devJi was originally installed in a temple in Vrindavan.

Jantar Mantar:
Jantar Mantar is a largest and the best preserved of Sawai Jai Singh’s five observatories. It is built in stone and marble whose setting and shapes are designed scientifically and which are one of the high points of medieval Indian astronomy. There are also 2 Ram Yantra’s for gauging altitudes.

Hawa Mahal:
“The Palace of Winds”, a fascinating landmark of Rajasthan was built by the orders of poet King Sawai Pratap Singh in the 18th century and is the most remarkably designed monument in Jaipur. It was conceived to provide adequate vantage position behind stone carves mesh like screens to the palace women for watching the Royal processions passing through the bazaar.

Moti Doongri & Laxmi Narayan Temple:
Among the important landmarks dotting the southern horizon is a small privately owned hill-top fort of Moti Doongri which is shaped like a Scottish castle the Ganesh temple at the foot of the hill and the marble built Lakshmi Narayan temple.

Jaigarh Fort:
The western skyline is dominated by the extensive Parkotas, watch towers and gateways of Jaigarh. It is one of the few military structures of medieval India preserved almost intact containing palaces, gardens, open and covered reservoirs, a granary and armory, a well planned canon foundry several temples, a tall tower and a giant mounted Canon - the Jai Ban one of the biggest in the world.

Nahargarh Fort:
It is 15kms from Jaipur beyond the hills of Jaigarh and is like a watchful sentinel garding Sawai Jai Singh’s beautiful capital. Much of the original structures are in ruins from atop a hill the fort offers a scenic view of the city below. Rajsthan tourism has started a cafeteria where Beer and snacks are available.

Jal Mahal:
It was built by Sawai Paratp Singh in 1799 A.D. in the midst of the Mansagar lake as pleasure sport. The lake was formed by constructing a dam between the two hills by Sawai Mansingh I. during winter months one can see a large number of migratory birds at the lake.

Amber Fort:
Situated just over 10kms away from Jaipur on the Jaipur-Delhi highway is Amber which was the ancient capital of Jaipur State. A bus leaves from Hawa Mahal every 30minutes and a well laid out road takes the visitor out of the city and very soon one witnesees lush-green hills. One then notices a alke and standing next to it is the majestic Amber Fort which several rulers of the erstwhile state of the Jaipur recognized as a vantage military building. The excursion starts with the Dil-E-Aaram garden which is laid out in the traditional Mughal style. The complex of Palaces, halls, pavilions, gardens and temples was built by Raja Man Singh, the Rajput commander of Akbar’s army, Mirza Raja Jai Singh and Sawai Jai Singh over a period of about 2centuries. The Diwan-e Aam (hall of public audience) has latticed galaries and double row of columns each having a capital in the shape of elephants on the top. The temple offers a wonderful sight and has huge doors made of silver. The Jai Mandir (hall of victory) has a glittering ceiling of mirrors and elegant inlaid panels. The Zenana or women’s apartments were designed in a manner which could easily fascilitate the entry of the Maharaja to various chambers without any of the concubines aware of any visitor.

Swarghashuli / Isar Lat:
The tower on the western side of tripolia bazaar is a highest strycture in Jaipur and was built by Sawai Ishwari Singh in 1749 to commemorate an important victory.

Ram Niwas Bagh and Zoo:
To provide open space and greenry to the citizens there is a abig garden with a zoo, an aviary, a green house, a herbarium, a museum and several sports grounds. It was built during the reign of Sawai Ram Singh II in 1868 as a famine relief project.

Albert Hall:
It is situatedin the beautiful Ram Niwas garden. This beautifully designed saracenic structure was designed by Sir Swinton Jacob. It was opened in 1887 as a public museum. It contains a rare collection of decorative art objects, paintings, sculptures, natural history specimens, an Egyptian Mummy and the well known Persian Golden carpet.

Dolls Museum:
Located near the police memorial towards the back side of SMS Hospital is the Dolls museum. There are attractive dolls from various countries and is housed in the compound of the school for the deaf and the dumb.

Sisodia Rani Garden:
It is 8kms away from Jaipur on the road to Agra. Several landscaped gardens were constructed by the kings and the courtiers in the 18th and 19th centuries with the biggest and the most famous being one built by the Sawai Jai Singh for his Sisodia Queen – the Sisodia Rani ka Bagh. It consists of tiered multi-level gardens with fountains, water corses and painted pavilions. 

Other most attractive places of Interest in Jaipur are – Kanak Vrindavan, Gaitore (Maharani ki Chhatri), Galta Ji, Birla Auditorium and Convention centre, Statue Circle (statue of Sawai Jai Singh) and Vidhyadhar Garden. 


Access by Air:
Jaipur is connected to Delhi, Mumbai, Udaipur, Jodhpur, Aurangabad, Calcutta and Varanasi by domestic flights.

Access by Rail:
The train services to Jaipur are available from all the major parts of the country.

Access by Road:
Jaipur can be accessed from all the major places in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Delhi and Mumbai by bus.

 

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